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构建以大口径方矩管产业为重心促进资源再生利用

来源:wo-ban.com 时间:2014/8/26 10:16:25 浏览:

信息摘要:一是资源和原材料全球配置,铁矿石、焦炭、废钢、锰矿、铬矿等钢铁主要原料和辅料均形成了大规模的国际交易市场,且贸易量不断增加。从铁矿石供应看,巴西淡水河谷和澳大利亚力拓、必和必拓三家企业具有相对垄断地位,三家企业的铁矿石贸易量占全球的比重超过70%,主要需求方为亚洲的中国、日本、韩国及欧洲的德国。一些钢铁企业积极调整和优化全球布局,收购国外矿山资源和钢铁企业,打造整合全球资源的产业链和供应链。过去日本钢铁行业主要以与海外矿山持有者签订10年以上的长期供应合同为主,近年来开始向增加权益矿的方向发展。

YISHIZIYUANHEYUANCAILIAOQUANQIUPEIZHI,TIEKUANGSHI、JIAOTAN、FEIGANG、MENGKUANG、GEKUANGDENGGANGTIEZHUYAOYUANLIAOHEFULIAOJUNXINGCHENGLEDAGUIMODEGUOJIJIAOYISHICHANG,QIEMAOYILIANGBUDUANZENGJIA。CONGTIEKUANGSHIGONGYINGKAN,BAXIDANSHUIHEGUHEAODALIYALITUO、BIHEBITUOSANJIAQIYEJUYOUXIANGDUILONGDUANDIWEI,SANJIAQIYEDETIEKUANGSHIMAOYILIANGZHANQUANQIUDEBIZHONGCHAOGUO70%,ZHUYAOXUQIUFANGWEIYAZHOUDEZHONGGUO、RIBEN、HANGUOJIOUZHOUDEDEGUO。YIXIEGANGTIEQIYEJIJIDIAOZHENGHEYOUHUAQUANQIUBUJU,SHOUGOUGUOWAIKUANGSHANZIYUANHEGANGTIEQIYE,DAZAOZHENGHEQUANQIUZIYUANDECHANYELIANHEGONGYINGLIAN。GUOQURIBENGANGTIEXINGYEZHUYAOYIYUHAIWAIKUANGSHANCHIYOUZHEQIANDING10NIANYISHANGDEZHANGQIGONGYINGHETONGWEIZHU,JINNIANLAIKAISHIXIANGZENGJIAQUANYIKUANGDEFANGXIANGFAZHAN。RIBENZHENGFUTONGGUODILIXIZHANGQIRONGZIDENGCUOSHI,GULIMINJIANQIYETOUZIHAIWAIKUANGSHAN。

ERSHIGUOJIGANGCAISHICHANGDEJIAOYIGUIMORIYIKUODA。BIRU,RIBENGANGTIEYEPINGJIEJIAODIJIAGE、JIAOGAOZHILIANG、DUOYANGHUAPINZHONGDENGYOUSHIJIJIKUODAGANGTIECHANPINCHUKOU。CONG20SHIJI60NIANDAIMOQIKAISHI,RIBENZHANGQIBAOCHISHIJIE****GANGTIECHUKOUGUODEDIWEI,NIANCHUKOUGANGCAILIANGZHANSHIJIEGANGTIEMAOYIZONGLIANGDE20%-30%。RIBENGANGTIELIANMENGGONGBUDESHUJUXIANSHI,2011NIANRIBENGANGTIECHUKOUZONGLIANGWEI4124WANDUN,TONGBIJIANG5%,LIANXULIANGNIANTUPO4000WANDUN;CHUKOUEANRIYUANJIWEI39680YIRIYUAN,TONGBIZENG0.7%;ANMEIYUANJIWEI496.16YIMEIYUAN,TONGBIZENG10.6%。

三是钢铁企业大力实施全球布局和国际化发展战略。世界主流钢铁企业积极由传统的钢铁制造商向系统服务型企业转型,构建以大口径方矩管产业为重心、多元产业共同发展的企业集团,并围绕钢铁产业价值链,在资源、深加工、工程设备和工程建设等领域拓展国际化发展空间。德国蒂森克虏伯是典型的多元化经营驱动的国际化企业,在钢铁制造业以外,形成了技术、服务、电梯及汽车零部件等多个业务群,国际多元化经营的发展一定程度上促进和带动了蒂森克虏伯钢铁产业的国际化。在加强新技术应用和研发的同时,日本新日铁和JFE借助设备输出、技术输出、对外直接投资、合作和联盟等方式向海外扩张。韩国浦项钢铁提出了“全球化”发展的口号,并积极实施。浦项在海外投资建设的钢材服务中心、冷轧厂和镀锌板生产厂取得了成功,在海外建设炼铁和炼钢产能尚未取得实质性进展。近年来,浦项钢铁的境外销售收入已占总收入的近30%。

SISHIQUANQIUGANGTIECHANYEDEKUAGUOBINGGOUHETOUZIBAOCHIHUOYUE。QUANQIUGANGTIECHANYEJINGGUODUOLUN****BINGGOUZHONGZU,XINGYEJIZHONGDUBUDUANTIGAO,XINGCHENGLEXINDESHICHANGJINGZHENGGEJU,KUAGUOGANGTIEQIYEJITUANDUIQUANQIUGANGTIECHANYEFAZHANDEYINGXIANGYUELAIYUEDA。LIRU,CONG20SHIJI90NIANDAIKAISHI,MITAERXIANHOUZAIMOXIGE、JIANADA、MEIGUOYIJIDONGOUGUOJIAZHANKAIYIXILIESHOUGOU,TONGGUOZHONGZUZHENGHEYIJIFAHUIXIETONGXIAOYING、TUIDONGCHANPINJIEGOUSHENGJI,SHIBEISHOUGOUQIYENIUKUIWEIYING,JIANLIQILEGAOXIAODESHANGYEMOSHI,ZAIGANGTIEYENEIBEICHENGWEI“QUANQIUHUACHENGDU****”DEGONGSI。2006NIAN,MITAERSHOUGOULEQUANQIUPAIMINGDIERDEANSAILEGONGSI。CILUNBINGGOUZHONGZUHOU,ANSAILEMITAERCHENGWEIQUANQIUGUIMO****DEGANGTIEJITUAN,2007NIANZHANQUANQIUSHICHANGFENEDE9%。2012NIAN5YUE,RIBENXINRITIEXUANBUYUZHUYOUJINSHUGONGYEGONGSIHEBING,JIANGYU2012NIAN10YUEWANCHENGQUANBUHEBINGCHENGXU。HEBINGHOUDE“XINRITIEZHUJIN”GANGTIECHANLIANGYUEWEI4540WANDUN,PAIMINGQUANQIUDISIWEI。CIWAI,RIBENGANGTIEQIYECONG20SHIJI70NIANDAIZHONGQIKAISHIZAIRIBENBENTUYIWAITOUZIJIANCHANG,20SHIJI90NIANDAIYILAIJIADALEDUIFAZHANZHONGGUOJIATOUZIDELIDU,ZAIBAXIYIJIDONGNANYADIQUJIANSHEXINGAOLU。

精选十码期期准WUSHIGANGTIEQIYEJIJIGOUJIANZHANLVELIANMENG。JINRUXINSHIJIYILAI,GANGTIECHANYELIANQUANQIUBUJUQUSHIRIYIMINGXIAN,JIANLIZONGXIANGHUOHENGXIANGZHANLVELIANMENGYICHENGWEI****GANGTIEQIYEZHONGYAODEJINGZHENGSHOUDUAN。YIXINRITIEWEILI,WEILETIGAOSHOUYI、ZENGJIALINGHUOXINGBINGFANGZHIEYISHOUGOU,GONGSITONGGUOXIANGHUCHIGU、GONGTONGCHENGLIHEZIGONGSI、YEWUZHENGHE、JISHUHEZUODENG,YUBENGUODEZHUYOUJINSHUGONGYEGONGSI、SHENHUZHIGANGSUOJIGUOWAIDEHANGUOPUXIANG、ZHONGGUOBAOGANGDENGQIYEJIANLILEGEZHONGZHANLVELIANMENG,BINGYUGAOLU、DIANLUZHIZAOSHANGJIQITALIYIXIANGGUANFANGJINXINGGEZHONGCENGCIHENEIRONGDEHEZUO,BAOKUOHUANJING、ZIYUANZAISHENGLIYONG,YIJIZIBENSHICHANGBIANHUA、SHOUGOUJIANYIDENG。

 

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